According to the history
books, the first human to travel in Space was 2nd Lieutenant Yuri Gagarin,
on April 12th, 1961. But there have been persistent rumours ever since
that Gagarin was by no means the first, and that a number of Soviet Cosmonauts
preceded him with fatal results. This is a brief résumé
of some suggested names of these forgotten heroes that have remained suppressed
for over 40 years....
Lieut. Ledovsky died in 1957 on a
brief suborbital spaceflight from the Kapustin Yar rocket base on the
Cosmonaut A Shiborin was killed the
following year on a similar mission when a parachute failed.
Lieut. V Mitkov died during a third ballistic flight in 1959.
A fourth cosmonaut was successfully launched into space in May 1960, but
a faulty retro-fire marooned him in orbit.
In September 1960 Cosmonaut Pyotr Dolgov
died in a launchpad explosion.
On February 4, 1961, laboured heartbeats were heard during radio transmissions
from an unknown Soviet Spacecraft. Several Cosmonauts disappeared around
this time, among them Belokonev, Kachur,
In April 1961 Vladimir Ilyushin (son
of the aviation pioneer) reportedly orbited the earth three times: his
Vostok Spacecraft landed heavily (possibly in China) severely injuring
the Cosmonaut. (This claim has been refuted, the official story being
that he was injured in a car crash, dying in a second accident
a year later!)
Following Gagarin's mission
(it should be acknowledged that many commentators doubt that Gagarin ever
actually flew in Space!) other unsuccessful spaceflights reputedly took
In May 1961 weak human voice
broadcasts were detected in Europe, apparently from a two-man spacecraft.
After several calls for help, these faded away....
In October, 1961, a Soviet spacecraft with three crew-members went off
course and left Earth orbit.
In November, 1963 the Soviet Union attempted to launch a second woman
into space. This ended in disaster when her Vostok craft allegedly burned
up during re-entry.
According to Italian shortwave interceptions, two Cosmonauts died during
an unsuccessful space mission in April 1964.
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